Glossary of Terms

Collective Competence: A way to see aspects of competence that are not reducible to the individual but emerge instead from social and organizational systems. It is more than the people on the team and how they function as members of that team. It’s about what happens when individual experts are able to function with a sense of awareness of one another as well as an awareness of the various structures and resources in the system that either support them to work together or inhibit them from working together.17

Concussion: Concussion denotes the acute neurophysiological event related to blunt impact or other mechanical energy applied to the head, such as from sudden acceleration, deceleration or rotational forces. All concussions are mild traumatic brain injuries but not all mild brain injuries are concussions. Concussion can be sustained from a motor vehicle crash, sports or recreational injury, falls, workplace injury, assault or incident in the community.

Concussion clinic: A formal coordinated network of healthcare providers delivering post-concussion care in an environment called a clinic. For the purposes of post-concussion care, a clinic does not have to be a physical stand-alone environment but also refers to a network of providers who work collaboratively to provide post-concussion care/services.

Evidence-based: Information and treatments that are supported by rigorously executed scientific research.

Interdisciplinary care: Health care/services provided by a grouping of different types of practitioners, often multiple disciplines. Interdisciplinary care requires collaboration and communication around the needs of the patient, respecting practice scopes and the qualifications brought by the different providers. It may also be known as inter-professional practice.

Persistent symptoms: A variety of physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioural symptoms that may endure for weeks or months following a concussion. Symptoms persisting beyond 28 days are considered persistent.32

Post-concussion care: Health care or services provided over time to individuals who have sustained a concussion, beginning with assessment and diagnosis from a specifically qualified professional.

Primary care provider (PCP): A medical health care practitioner who sees people who have common medical problems and can provide comprehensive management of a health issue. This person provides continuing care to patients and coordinates referrals to other health care practitioners. This person is most often a physician (family physician, pediatrician or sports medicine physician); however, a PCP may also be a nurse practitioner.

Scope of practice: The services a regulated health care practitioner is permitted to perform in keeping with the terms of their professional license and college regulations.