Facts and FAQs

What is ConcussionsOntario?

ConcussionsOntario is an information and resource portal which is used to share the work of the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF) and partners on research and implementation projects in concussion. It serves to inform patients, family members, clinicians, administrators, and the public about our newest research and practice advancements in concussion care through Ontario.

What is the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation?

The Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation (ONF) is a health research organization that focuses on the practical application of research to improve the lives of people with an acquired brain inquiry or spinal cord injury, and the prevention of neurotrauma injuries. Through strategic research funding activity and the building of relationships with numerous partners and stakeholders, ONF fosters, gathers and applies research knowledge to increase the effectiveness and use of prevention, and to improve the systems of care, outcomes, and quality of life of those who have sustained a neurotrauma injury. The foundation receives its funding from the Government of Ontario.

What is a concussion?

Answers to questions about what a concussion is and what I should do, can be found here.

Who is most likely to have a concussion?

Anyone can suffer a concussion. Concussions can occur from slips and falls, motor vehicle crashes, workplace incidents assaults, and most commonly in sports and recreational activity. Concussion can occur from the very young, to adults, to the very old. Males are more likely to sustain concussion than females, but this depends on the cause and age group.

What can you do to prevent concussions?

For more information on preventing concussions, take a look at ONF’s Injury Prevention program, and our partner organization’s website Parachute.

I am a parent/coach/teacher/employer and am looking for information on returning to activity (i.e. work, school, sports) after a concussion.

Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation has published concussion guidelines that include  returning to activities after concussion, both for children and adults. For more information on return to activity after concussion, and to view the guidelines, please see our Return to Activity page.

Can you refer me to a specialist?

We understand that navigating the health care system can be difficult for both patient and family members. While we are working hard to help improve the province’s concussion care system through research and implementation, we are not in a position to provide referrals. As part of the Standards for Post-Concussion Care we have provided a pathway and referral indicators for when you might need to seek specialist care. Click here for the Standards.

What is the difference between the guidelines and the standards?

The guidelines are clinical practice recommendations for health professionals involved in concussion care. They are about the actual patient care itself, for example, what to do if your patient has headaches or problems sleeping after concussion.

The standards are more about how the system or process of health care functions. They are for people organizing the care and are more about what clinics and health professionals should do to provide the best concussion care.

Both the guidelines and standards are based on the best available evidence, and where that is not available, they are based on the consensus of recognized experts.

Can I show this material at my appointments?

We encourage you to do this with individual health care providers, at a clinic or at a school or workplace as appropriate. We know that the guidelines are long and suggest that you print or show your provider the parts that are most relevant for you.